Trans Fat: One of the Worst Enemies of Your Health

Trans fat
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The best man can eat is his natural diet. Nature provides many healthy food and fruits for humans to eat as per his age and need. But sometimes the man-made food, preserved food may cause great harm to health. One of such substances is trans-fat.

Whether you maintain or spoil your health is up to you. Nature never intended your loss of physical or mental health.

What is Trans-Fat?

What is trans fat?
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It is an unhealthy substance made through the chemical hydrogenation of vegetable oil. The process converts the oil into a semi-solid hydrogenated substance with an improved shelf life and flavour stability. Chemically, it is unsaturated fat that brings several harms and unhealthy side effects. Natural trans-fat that meat and dairy carry as one of their healthful contents is not that harmful. But, frozen pizza, snack foods, refrigerated dough products, coffee creamer, margarine, fast-food, crackers, cookies, etc. contain it profusely and harmfully.

What Harms does Trans-Fat Cause to the Body?

trans fat harmfull to body
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It causes the following major harms to a person’s health.

  • The human body has both the bad (LDL) and the good (HDL) cholesterol. Trans-fat increases the level of bad cholesterol and lowers that of good cholesterol.
  • Its frequent or regular intake increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases like heart-attack.
  • It also increases the risk of stroke.
  • It makes its eater an obese.
  • Taking them regularly increases the risk of developing colon cancer.
  • Its high concentration makes the body cells resistant to insulin and they eventually stop responding to insulin activity. This increases the blood glucose level abnormally and the person falls into the pre-diabetic category and finally leads to develop type-2 diabetes.
  • Their presence in the blood releases some toxic molecules which clog the blood vessels. The arteries become narrower and the blood flow through them gets badly obstructed.

Health Problems Associated with Trans-Fat

Trans-fat causes a lot of health problems such as:

  1. Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s - trans fats
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Elaidic acid is an important trans-fat present in most of the processed foods. It is known to cause Alzheimer’s disease in those who take processed foods in daily routine.

  1. Cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular diseases - trans fat
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Trans-fat blocks the arteries due to the accumulation of LDL (bad cholesterol) and the lower level of HDL (good cholesterol) in blood. This blockage of arteries leads to cardiovascular diseases.

  1. Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes - trans fat
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Trans-fat makes the body cells insulin resistant or completely non-responding to this hormone. This eventually leads to Diabetes Mellitus.   

  1. Stroke
brain stroke - trans fat
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Trans-fat increases the bad cholesterol level in blood which clogs the arteries that supply oxygen and other nutrients to the brain. The result is a stroke.

  1. Obesity
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Eating a healthy, well-balanced diet that is low in saturated and trans fats and high in fruits and vegetables is beneficial for health. High levels of trans-fat in your food and blood cause weight gain and you become obese after taking them for a few weeks.

  1. Retina damage
Retina damage
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Trans-fat is harmful to eyes too, the tiny capillaries that supply oxygenated blood to your retina get blocked due to the high amount of trans-fat in your blood. This is detrimental to the function of the retina and your eyes get damaged ultimately.

  1. Breast Cancer
Breast cancer
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A study suggests that eating a lot of trans fats may increase breast cancer risk. The higher the level of trans-fat in the blood, the more the chances are for a woman to develop breast cancer.

  1. Colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer - trans fat
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Frequent consumption of trans-fat increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer increases by 86 per cent as compared to its low consumption.  

  1. Gallstones
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Those who take a great amount of trans-fat regularly are at risk of developing gallstone disease 23% more than otherwise.

  1. Heart attack
Heart attack
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Those who take less trans-fat in their diet are comparatively safer than those who eat processed food, pizza, burgers frequently in their routine food habits. The excess of unsaturated fatty acids in the blood increases bad cholesterol which clogs the coronary arteries, thus causing heart-attack.

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Dr. Aleena Ijaz is a graduate from King Edward Medical College and currently working as a medical officer at the Mayo Hospital Lahore. She is ambitious to share her knowledge and views on health, women life, entertainment, lifestyle, travel, home decor, social evils, latest trends, and beauty care. She feels contented and relaxed when she serves humanity either as a doctor or a writer, for both her roles mean a lot to her fellow beings. She prays to the Almighty to keep her fit enough to continue serving mankind throughout her life.


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